Beginning with year 1991 death rate exceeds birth rate in Ukraine. The dynamics of both indicator varies, but the most interesting is a regional specificity. At first we will take a look at the first one (the dynamics).
Mortality reached its peak in 1995, but at least some of the positive trend of its reduction appears only after 2009. As for fertility, the graph looks even simpler. It has a drop from 1990 to 2001 and slow growth over the next eight years:
Now let’s talk about the regional specificity. On the interactive map below you can see all the information about natural population growth/decline in different regions of Ukraine. First indicator shows an absolute number of population increase (births minus deaths). But, as the population of different regions is not the same, the second indicator was added for clarity. It shows a simplified population growth coefficient (number of births divided by number of deaths). When coefficient is more than one it means that there were natural increasing of population. When coefficient is less than one it means that there were natural decreasing.
Pay attention to the legend. Negative numbers are also colored in shades of green. You can also view the interactive map on a full screen.
Here is a table, on which all regions are situated according to the average rate of simplified population growth coefficient (for past 24 years). For convenience, they are divided by color into several groups. With the exception of Kyiv, we can clearly see a few large regions:
Let’s colorize the map according to this table. As you see, population growth data gives us an additional (even unexpected) picture of how natural regions of Ukraine can look like.